Bearded dragons also known as Pogona, the genus of lizards containing that have seven species, which are often known by the common name. Members of this genus live in the arid, rocky, semi-desert regions and dry open woodlands of Australia.
They are adept climbers, spending time on branches and in bushes, even found on fence posts when living near human habitation. They bask on rocks and exposed branches in the mornings and afternoons. The species are found throughout Australia.
Several species of this genus have been domesticated, especially Pogona vitticeps and are often kept as pets or exhibited.
Their characteristics include spiny scales arranged in rows and clusters. These are found on the throat, which can be expanded when threatened, and at the back of the head.
The species also displays a hand-waving gesture, thought to ward off an attack from any predator that may be in the area; however this can also be used as a form of communication between the species.
They have the chameleon-like ability to change colour during rivalry challenges between males, and in response to temperature change and other stimuli.
Bearded dragons are very successful withhumans while in captivity and are one of the favourites among hobbyists and experts alike. They have a very friendly nature towards people, and are very calm when they grow into adults.
Juveniles are generally very active but still very friendly, and even make good pets for children. Pogona have an average life span of 10–20 years, although some have been known to live longer.