In the 1960’s, Dr. Kenneth Cooper, a physiologist searched for an effective and easy way of keeping healthy. His hard work resulted in the various ways of flexing muscles and burning calories to maintain body fitness. He named his findings AEROBICS.
Since he was an employee of the Air Force, Dr. Cooper’s discovery was initially meant to keep the astronauts in good shape.
However, in 1968 Cooper broke the secret when he wrote a book titled, ‘Aerobics’ detailing his simple methods of exercising. Some of the aerobic exercises he mentioned in the book included cycling, swimming, walking, running and others.
These exercises increase the oxygen consumption in the body that intensifies muscle activity and in the process burn calories producing sweat.
After the book’s publication Cooper put it out for sale and it was an instant non- fiction best seller reaching a million sales.
The release of the book was during the technology revolution that had led to increased redundancy amongst Americans.
It was that time of cable technology when Americans spent most of their free on couches in front of the screen and when video games were enjoying their first touch.
With over relaxation, there was prevalent weight increase amongst the American community and many of them were caught in unhealthy conditions.
The timely publication of Cooper’s book saw many people taking on daily aerobic exercises at home to regain their health.
Aerobics evolved as a commercial commodity. Exercising programmes were broadcast on television for the convenience of homes.
And professional trainers emerged as early as 1978. The number of Americans alone practicing aerobics reached 2 million but shot to 22million after a period of ten years.
The following two decades saw the introduction of aerobic sports. In 1983, sport aerobics was introduced by Howard and Karen Schwartz. They came up with Sport Fitness International (SFI).
From local competition this later oversaw the first world championships at San Diego in March 1990. 15 countries attended. The content of Cooper’s book continued its effect beyond American boundaries.