North Korea to restart nuclear reactor

Pyongyang. North Korea says it will restart all facilities at its main Yongbyon nuclear complex, including a reactor mothballed in 2007.

Pyongyang. North Korea says it will restart all facilities at its main Yongbyon nuclear complex, including a reactor mothballed in 2007.

In a statement, it said the move would bolster North Korea’s nuclear forces “in quality and quantity”. The move is the latest in a series of measures by Pyongyang in the wake of its third nuclear test in February.

It has been angered by the resultant UN sanctions and joint US-South Korea annual military drills.

In recent weeks the communist state has issued a series of threats against both South Korean and US targets, to which the US has responded with high-profile movements of advanced aircraft and warships around the Korean peninsula.

A South Korean foreign ministry spokesman said that if true, the North Korean move would be “highly regrettable”.

Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Hong Lei called for restraint from all sides to resolve the “complex and sensitive” situation.

The reactor at Yongbyon, which was the source of plutonium for North Korea’s nuclear weapons programme, was closed in July 2007 as part of a disarmament-for-aid deal.

UN chief Ban Ki-moon has said the North Korea “crisis has gone too far” after Pyongyang announced plans to restart its main Yongbyon nuclear complex.

Speaking at a news conference in Andorra, where he is on a visit, Ban called for urgent talks with the North.


‘Adjust and alter’

The cooling tower at the facility was later destroyed; the disarmament deal also stalled.

Part of the reason the agreement fell apart was because the US did not believe Pyongyang was fully disclosing all of its nuclear facilities, a suspicion later bolstered when North Korea unveiled a uranium enrichment facility at Yongbyon to US scientist Siegfried Hecker in 2010.

While it appeared to be for electricity generation purposes, Hecker said the facility could be readily converted to produce highly-enriched uranium for bombs.

The statement, carried by KCNA news agency, was attributed to a spokesman for the General Department of Atomic Energy.

The department had decided “to adjust and alter the uses of the existing nuclear facilities,” including “readjusting and restarting all the nuclear facilities in Yongbyon, including uranium enrichment plant and 5MW graphite moderated reactor.”

The work would be put into practice without delay, the statement said. It also attributed the move to the need to generate more electricity.

In a November 2010 report following a visit to Yongbyon, Hecker said based on what he saw he believed North Korea could “resume all plutonium operations within approximately six months” if so inclined.

The reactor can produce spent fuel rods that can be made into plutonium - which experts believe North Korea used for its nuclear tests in 2006 and 2009. It is not clear whether plutonium or uranium was used in the February test.

Analysts say altering nuclear facilities could suggest that North Korea may begin openly enriching uranium to weapons-grade levels, which would give it a second, faster route to making nuclear weapons.

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