Good governance matters more than aid in Africa

Heads of state from across the world arrived in New York last two weeks for the annual United Nations meetings,last week. Heading up the agenda this year was a summit examining the U.N. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

Heads of state from across the world arrived in New York last two weeks for the annual United Nations meetings,last week. Heading up the agenda this year was a summit examining the U.N. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

These leaders – generally clad in expensive suits and heading enormous entourages – again shamelessly moaned and complained over the lack of adequate progress on the MDGs as if they and their governments were helpless bystanders in the matter.

There is nothing egregious about the eight MDG targets. Halving poverty, increasing education, and reducing maternal and child mortality are desirable outcomes. The only problem is that in the poorest countries the goals will not be met because they are based on a failed development model of relying on external aid rather than internal policy change to facilitate economic development and growth.

And internal policy change is resisted fiercely by the very leaders expressing anguish over the lack of progress because they and their families, friends and allies benefit richly from the current system, which focuses on securing foreign aid from Western nations to be spent on thousands of carefully schemed but wasteful interventions undertaken locally, in apparent pursuit of the MDGs.

Such complex interventions, with little transparency and accountability on donor spending, mean that few credible audits have been conducted on the billions of aid money spent over the years.

Such expenditures should have resulted in development improvements, but have only served to entrench the very governments and policies that impede development.

African leaders in particular have been doing the math on how much they need to perpetuate their loot… um, I mean finance the MDGs.  As the argument goes, “They ask why can’t the rich Western countries provide $70 billion annually to meet the MDGs? It’s only a fraction of their annual GDP.

They can easily spare it, but it would mean so much in the developing world.” Western aid advocates do their part by painting gory pictures of famine and disease in Africa to justify the demand.

Yet, some way, somehow, African leaders have been able to squeeze close to $150 billion per year from their poor, developing countries to enrich themselves.

This figure didn’t diminish even with the global financial crisis or following former Nigerian President Obasanjo’s admission of this habitual theft by African leaders and mock lamentation of corruption at the G-8 summit in Gleneagles five years ago.

In other words, African leaders have made a habit of stealing 25 percent of the continent’s GDP and squirreling it away for their benefit rather than the citizens of their countries.

As if that is not enough, wasteful spending, legal plunder, prohibitive business environments, and entrenched cronyism can be found even in the Africa’s most acclaimed democratic success stories such as Ghana.

At the MDG summit, German Chancellor Angela Merkel called for a balance between aid and good governance as a necessary condition for attaining the MDGs. Unfortunately, African governments generally prefer an imbalance with more aid and less accountability.

Donor nations need to understand this reality and get away from platitudes like the MDGs and aid targets and insist that African governments enact policies that will unleash the entrepreneurial spirits of Africans to create wealth and support national governments through taxation.

Aid may help governments that have already begun to tread this path, but providing ever-more aid in hopes that they will only perpetuates the status quo.

franklin.cudjoe@gmail.com

Franklin Cudjoe is head of Ghanaian think tank, IMANI, a non-profit, non-government organization.

 

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