Since about 80 per cent of the Rwandan population depend on agriculture for its income, it is imparative for one to closely relate the economic development of the country with the fate of the country’s agriculture. Yet most of the agriculturalists do subsistence farming which to a large extent is a poverty trap.
The government and its development partners have agreed on empowering the agricultural sector to achieve sustainable growth. According to the EDPRS ( Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy) programme, the government plans to increase investments in agriculture by at least 27 percent next year through integrated projects and programmes for sustainable development, decentralised implementation of agricultural policies and prioritising technology transfer.
The plan includes increased budgetary allocation in the sector of terracing, water harvesting, increased fertilizer use, and crop intensification programme.
It is unquestionable that advanced technology in the agricultural sector will play a catalytic role in spurring economic growth and bring about poverty reduction in the country.
The agricultural sector remains with the challenge of guranteed food security agro-industries, sure export markets and caution on the dangers in the fall export crops at the world market.