2015/2016 Infrastructure Sector Achievements and 2016/17 Targets -- Transport Sector: Improving mobility and trade flow

In line with vision 2020 transport pillar targets, efforts have been made in construction, rehabilitation and upgrading transport infrastructure.

In line with vision 2020 transport pillar targets, efforts have been made in construction, rehabilitation and upgrading transport infrastructure.

In road transport there was cumulative growth of network of national paved roads, extended to 1,279Km from 1,214km in the previous year; 83 km of National paved roads were rehabilitated; 842.8 Kms of National paved roads and 250km National unpaved roads were maintained. Under feeder roads program, 547.13km were constructed making a total of 1507km; this has facilitated market access for rural farmers.


Some of the roads rehabilitated and upgraded included: 

  • Karongi-Rubengera (17km) completed at 75% end of June 2016;
  • Kigali-Gatuna (77.8km) was completed and inaugurated in September, 2016; 
  • Kitabi Crete-Congo Nil and Huye-Urban roads (36.8 Kms); 
  • Kivu Belt Lot 4&5 (66km); Kivu Belt Lot 7 (48km); 
  • CIMERWA-Bugarama (9Kms); 
  • Access road to Bushenge Hospital (3Kms); 
  • Musanze-Nyakinama (9km) is completed at 75%; 
  • Kigali (78.01Kms), Musanze (5Kms), Rubavu (5.4Kms) and Gicumbi (4Kms)

Urban roads


In this fiscal year (2016/17), 261km of National Paved Roads rehabilitation will commence targeting to reach 10% of total works by June 2017, 104km of unpaved roads will be upgraded to paved roads; 76.9km of National unpaved Roads will be maintained; 513.8km national paved roads will be maintained; 10.4km of urban roads will be upgraded to paved roads and 10km of roads will be constructed to support Private Sector Development. Also, 490.31km of feeder roads will be added to 1507km, therefore totaling to 1,997.31km against 2,040 km of EDPRS2 2016/17 target.

The government has embarked on Feeder roads that are specifically constructed to connect national roads or District roads to Kigali City and other urban areas to the centers for private sector’s activities such agricultural production, natural resources processing or to tourist sites (2500kms will be constructed in the whole country by 2017/18).


The development of Kivu belt road connecting Rusizi to Rubavu via Karongi along Lake Kivu in addition to the Muhanga-Ngorero- Mukamira has boosted the economy of western province. Nyagatare to Base via Gicumbi as well as the road Base-Kidaho are expected to shorten the transit travel time; bringing transport cost down and open up the north-eastern and northern region of the coun

Air transport

Kigali International airport has been upgraded with construction of a new Apron, terminal and land side facilities and installation of the state of the art bird collision avoidance system. This has doubled the airport passenger handling capacity and facilitated landing and takeoff simultaneously, thus reducing waiting time. Kamembe runway has been resurfaced and the airport structures rehabilitated to match regional air transport requirements.

In a bid to meet Rwanda’s vision of becoming the regional Air Transport Hub, the construction of new Bugesera International Airport has been initiated. Project Development Agreement has been signed with potential investor and works are expected to commence early next year.

Rwanda has signed different bilateral air services agreements (BASAs) which have enabled RwandAir to expand its destinations and increase fleet.

Frontal view of the Kigali International Airport

In the fiscal year 2016/17, four new aircrafts will be acquired and RwandAir will increase its connectivity to Africa, Asia, Europe and beyond. Efforts to engage Partner States in the development of Standard Gauge Railway through Northern and Central Corridors will continue.

To streamline rural public transport, ONATRACOM was restructured leading to creation of Rwanda Interlink Transport Company (RITCO) in partnership with private sector. In the new arrangement, a total of 163 buseswith carrier capacity of 9,600passengers will be procured starting with 50 buses(20 VIP and 30 Economy Class) expected to be delivered in December, 2016. The fleet will continue to expand as per the passenger demands.

Regional Transport initiatives

Rusumo One Stop Border Post (OSBP) and International Bridge was inaugurated on 6th April 2016 and Kagitumba OSBP commissioned. Other two OSBP at Gatuna and Rubavu are under construction, Cyanika OSBP, parking and cross border market construction to commence by fiscal year 2016/17.

OSBPs in the country have helped to reduce transit costs incurred in cross-border movement by combining the activities of both country’s border organizations and agencies at either a single common location or at a single location in either direction without increasing risk to public safety or revenue collection.

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