By Thomas Kagera
The phenomenon loosely labeled hunger in the 1980s is now being discussed as food security or insecurity. Food security is defined as access by all people at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life.
At a minimum food security includes; 1) the ready availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods and 2) the assured ability to acquire personally acceptable foods in a socially acceptable way.
Food insecurity exists whenever food security is limited or uncertain. The measurement of food insecurity at the household or individual level involves the measurement of those quantitative, qualitative, psychological and social or normative constructs that are central to the experience of food insecurity, qualified by their involuntariness and periodicity.