In implementation process of the Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS), the Ministry Finance and Economic Planning released an assessment report, analyzing the extent to which the country has have achieved the objectives and targets set in the EDPRS framework.
From the EDPRS’ inception till now, it is clear that progress is being made. During the very first year of implementation, there is a notable performance with 81% of the quantitative targets timely met, whilst 80% of the policy targets were achieved.
This 2009 year report mainly focuses only on the policy actions that were selected for the transitional budget period of January to June 2009, where 79% of the targets were on track, and 19% were in good progress.
The report outlines the progress made during the Mini Budget Period in the implementation of the Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS). It is based on the selected policy actions as defined in the EDPRS results and policy matrix for January to June, 2009. A wider range of indicators, targets and policy actions are monitored by every line Ministry through the existing sector monitoring and evaluation systems.
The EDPRS results and policy matrix is organised around the 3 EDPRS flagship programs which have been aligned to the three clusters (Economic, Social and Governance that were established by the Rubavu retreat.
In overall, a total of 107 policy actions were planned for the mini-budget period. Out of these, a total of 84 policy actions (79%) were completed, 21 policy actions (19%) were partially achieved and only 2 policy actions (2%) were lagging significantly behind or had not commenced by the end of June 2009.
The two policy actions that were not commenced are the establishment of the Axle Load control system for 50% of the National Paved Road Network and the signing of Multi Annual (3 years) Output and Performance Based Road Contracts (OPBRC’s) by Districts in the Transport Sector.
PROGRESS TOWARDS TARGETS FORMULATED IN CAPACITY BUILDING AND EMPLOYMENT PROMOTION SECTOR
This sector has got five major policy targets; whereby four are fully implemented and one partially achieved.
The internship program that had failed to take off in the 2008 fiscal year was finally launched with 100 youth initially being taken on board to different government institutions.
The Labor code was submitted to cabinet and published in the Official Gazette in May 2009. An assessment of the government budget agencies achieving more than 80% of their work outputs was completed and a baseline survey on service delivery has also been completed with a first draft presented to stakeholders for validation. A capacity building plan draft has also been developed awaiting validation by stakeholders.
The Ministry of Public Service and Labor (MIFOTRA) was in the process of negotiations with Central Ministries to determine appropriate staffing levels and structures for optimal performance within fiscal limits. An assessment of current staff is ongoing to ensure high quality professional staff are retained and engaged in the agreed positions.
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT-HOUSING AND LAND USE MANAGEMENT
End 2008 saw Kigali City with a City master Plan that guided the City in its urban development and physical plans for few identified areas covering a total area of 288ha. The first half of 2009 was pre occupied with communicating the Master plan to all stakeholders and developing detailed physical plans for Nyarugenge District.
The draft report has been published and the final report is due in October. Physical plans for 470 ha of residential area with 35,000 plots were developed (Rugarama 1,023, Kagarama 360, Masaka 386, Murama 2,000 and Kagugu 2,000 plots) and 463 ha of commercial sites were also developed including 60 ha in Rebero and 53ha in Kimihurura and the Central Business District.
Kigali City developed and adopted a Clients Charter to guide the Land offices in harmonizing and improving services in the Districts. As a result, it takes only 15 days to acquire Deed plans and Lease Contract to those who fulfill the necessary requirements and 30 Days for a Building Permit. 1n the first half of 2009, 3006 Building permits were issued compared to 521 issued in the year 2008 and 2136 Deed plans/Lease contracts were issued against 657 issued in the year 2008.
Infrastructure development in Kigali City was high on the agenda in the first half of 2009. The City spent over 6 billion in the construction of several infrastructural facilities in the City. The table below shows expenditure per type of infrastructure.
FINANCIAL RESOURCE MOBILIZATION
From January to June, all Districts in Kigali City mobilized Frw 4,379,989,797 from their domestic revenue sources. 30% of this money, equivalent to Frw 1,310,979,540 was transferred to Kigali City Council as provided by the law.
DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND LIVESTOCK
Kigali City developed Urban and Peri -Urban Agriculture strategic plan and was adopted by both the City Council and Ministry of Local Government as provided by law. This strategic plan spells out the measure and strategies to increase production and add value to the agricultural produce in Kigali City so as to ensure food security and production for export.
In a bid to ensure efficient land utilization for both settlement and agricultural puposes, Kigali City has embarked to land consolidation measures. In the first six months of 2009, a total of 658.61ha of land has been consolidated in all Districts, with 312ha, 175.6ha, 171.01ha for Gasabo, Nyarugenge and Kicukiro respectively.
Under one cow one family program, a total of 279 cows were distributed to families in Kigali City, where Nyarugenge district alone distributed 152 cows, Gasabo 67 and Kicukiro 60 in the first half of 2009.
A total of 1,521 people have benefited from Vision 2020 Umurenge program in Kigali City where Kicukiro has provided 600 jobs in public works, Gasabo 526 and Nyarugenge 395. In the direct support component, Kicukiro provides for 299 people, Nyarugenge 201 and Gasabo 149.
These programs have had a direct impact in improving peoples’ livelihoods. However, the City hardly takes stock of jobs created in other sectors such as construction, service and commercial sectors.
GOOD GOVERNANCE AND JUSTICE
Kigali City values resident’s participation in community work “Umuganda”, the average participation level for Kigali City residents is estimated at 87% with the total value of Umuganda activities estimated at Frw 612,861,433 for the first half of 2009.
Quarries were addressed in the first half of 2009 in Kigali City at 81%, with Nyarugenge district addressing 408 quarries out of 516 brought to the administrations attention. Gasabo resolved 188 out of 222 and Kicukiro 197 out of 251 queries recorded.
Abunzi program was instrumental in solving minor disputes between individuals the City, in the mini budget period alone, Nyarugenge district resolved 313 cases out of 371 registered, equivalent to 84.3%, Kicukiro district ruled on 119 cases out of 126 (94%) and Gasabo district resolve 89% of the cases received.
6,539 convicts worked under TIG program in the first half of 2009 in the three districts combined. The value of their labour was estimated at Frw 1,183,599,775. Gasabo had 3.335 convicts working on different district projects and the value of their labour was estimated at Frw 766.671.500, Kicukiro district used 904 convicts and valued their labour at Frw 121.451,900. Nyarugenge involved 2300 convicts in the program at Frw 295.476.375 labour value.
Gacaca cases are close to completion in Kigali city, a total of 119 cases in category one, 56 in category two and 84 cases in category three remain. Breakdown per each district are as follows; Nyarugenge: Cat 1=24, cat 2=0 cat 3=0, Gasabo: Cat 1=47, cat 2=36 cat 3=18, Kicukiro: Cat 1=48, cat 2= 20 cat 3=66.
ACCESS TO SOCIAL SERVICES
Social service provision in Kigali City is central to the wellbeing of the people. Its in this regard that the city puts much emphasis is addressing issues to do with Health, Education, and meeting the needs of the vulnerable groups.
In the first half of 2009, Frw 41,424,600 has been mobilized into the education fund with in Kigali City. This fund supports poor children that would not otherwise have means to be in school to go to school. Kicukiro, Gasabo and Nyarugenge mobilized Frw 29,770,000, 7,454,600Frw, Frw 4,200,000 respectively.
Access to health services in Kigali has improved, 92,4% of Gasabo District population have access to health Insurance, in Nyarugenge district 92,7% of the population has got health insurance and in Kicukiro, 80,4% of its population is in “Mutuelle” health insurance. 43% of women practice modern family planning methods in Gasabo district, 15.6% in Kicukiro and 33.8% in Nyarugenge. 41,167 people undertook Voluntary HIV tests during the course of the first half of 2009 in Kigali City where Kicukiro tested 19,278, Gasabo 12,723 and Nyarugenge 9,166 people. Nyarugenge had 83, 5% of assisted birth, Kicukiro 44, 2% and Gasabo 62, 2% in the first half of 2009.
In all districts, a total of 43 new houses were built for the vulnerable, 83 houses for 2008 were completed, 81 other houses that were built in 2008 are being completed and 10 new plots have been identified for construction. 60 orphans were connected to foster parents in the six months.