Fred Nkusi

Gross misconduct gap in labour law is over

The existing law on labour, technically referred to as law n° 66/2018 of 30/08/2018 regulating labour in Rwanda, prescribes gross misconduct as a ground for termination of employment contract without prior notice. Article 26 of the Labour law states that: “the employer terminates...

Monday, March 30, 2020, 12:00 AM

Why force majeure is relevant to measures against coronavirus

Globally, the number of confirmed coronavirus cases and deaths increases every single day. The coronavirus outbreak was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the Director-General of the World Health Organisation (WHO) on January 30, 2020 which, according to the 2005...

Monday, March 23, 2020, 10:33 AM

Why the Financial Intelligence Centre was set up

Rwanda, like the majority of the countries, has enacted a new law n° 74/2019 of 29/01/2020 establishing the Financial Intelligence Centre (FIC) to counter money-laundering, the financing of terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction as well as related crimes. The Financial...

Monday, March 16, 2020, 12:00 AM

New law punishing money-laundering is a welcome tool

Today, money-laundering is a global problem. Measuring its impact is tough, as it takes place behind the scenes and is apparently victimless crime. Yet the damage it does can be devastating to the financial sector and to the country’s economy at large. It affects both developed and...

Monday, March 9, 2020, 1:09 AM

Cyberspace needs to be regulated

One of the most challenging questions of the contemporary world is whether existing international norms apply in cyberspace. Since widespread personal, commercial, and governmental use of the Internet began in the mid-1990s, individual states’ efforts to facilitate the use of cyberspace...

Monday, February 24, 2020, 12:00 AM

Why celebrating ‘Data Privacy Day’ matters

January 28 is celebrated annually as Data Privacy Day. It reflects the international effort to create awareness about the importance of respecting privacy, safeguarding data and enabling trust. It is currently observed in the United States, Canada, Israel and many European countries....

Monday, February 17, 2020, 12:30 AM

EU top reinforces social media regulation

Recently, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) issued its ruling against Facebook that if a piece of content is deemed illegal in the European Union, it has to be taken down worldwide—not just inside Europe, but also beyond. The ruling stems from a case brought by an Austrian...

Monday, February 10, 2020, 12:39 AM

Why declaring coronavirus a global health emergency?

China is marked as an epicenter of coronavirus outbreak. Following its outbreak, it has been spread to many territories within and outside of mainland China, as well as to more than 20 countries, spanning Asia, Europe, North America and the Middle East. The latest death toll from the new virus...

Monday, February 3, 2020, 1:00 AM

Genocide must be prevented wherever it’s likely to occur

Last week, the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, unanimously issued its provisional measures Order in the case brought by The Gambia against Myanmar under the Genocide Convention. In its Application, the Gambia argues in particular that...

Monday, January 27, 2020, 12:00 AM

Why there’s a need for e-commerce legislation

There is no doubt that e-commerce is increasing daily in length and breadth. Rwanda, as a dynamic country, is catching up with the global trend. Like other e-government services, e-commerce is considered as an important developmental and trade facilitation tool needed. Currently, there’s...

Monday, January 20, 2020, 12:00 AM

Rwanda joins global efforts to mitigate plastic pollution

There’s a global battle against single-use plastics, particularly when it comes to the once-ubiquitous plastic bag. A new report from UN Environment has recently found that at least 127 countries have adopted some form of legislation to regulate plastic bags as of July 2018. Single-use...

Monday, January 6, 2020, 1:07 AM

2019 has been a bumpy year on climate action

The 25th negotiating year by the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change’s (UNFCCC) Conference, held in Madrid, Spain, from 2 to 13 December 2019, also known as COP25, failed to make a breakthrough. The conference incorporates the 25th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations...

Monday, December 30, 2019, 1:33 AM

Managing labour migration is paramount

Protection of migrants is a moral obligation. The rights of migrants to decent lives and working conditions, among others, is part of human rights. Besides, the human rights perspective, migrants contribute to development. Therefore, improving cooperation frameworks on migration and development is...

Monday, December 23, 2019, 12:00 AM

WTO appellate body is facing dysfunctional crisis

The appellate body of World Trade Organization (WTO) is facing a crisis in its system for resolving disputes between its members. This body, known as an appeal court, makes a final say on the panel decisions in trade disputes. Resolving trade disputes is one of the core activities of the WTO. A...

Monday, December 16, 2019, 12:08 AM

Public consultation in law making process is critical

Following the two landmark Supreme Court decisions on a public interest petition rendered this year on anti-constitutionality of some provisions of law nº68/2018 of 30/08/2018 determining offences and penalties in general and the most recent ruling on Article 19 of Law n°75/2018 of 07/09/...

Monday, December 9, 2019, 12:27 AM

Without commitment, the Paris Agreement remains in jeopardy

A new UN report on the global commitment to limit the climate crisis shows that countries are not doing enough to keep Earth’s temperature from rising to near catastrophic levels. And delaying action will make it impossible to reach the desired temperature goals. According to the UN,...

Monday, December 2, 2019, 12:43 AM

Regulating tech firms in Africa

Over the past decade, tech companies have risen to become the biggest in the world, all while operating with little formal, structured government oversight. But this lack of oversight has come at a cost. But in Europe, today, they have introduced a couple of instruments to regulate the...

Monday, November 18, 2019, 12:17 AM

EALS and EACJ are at the centre of promoting the rule of law

Last week, the East Africa Law Society held the 24th Annual Conference with the aim of embracing the rule of law across the region. The conference brought together ‘Learned Friends’ from Six Partner States. The rule of law is a glorious tradition that ought to be immensely upheld. And...

Monday, November 11, 2019, 12:00 AM

Is pollution-free environment achievable?

Pollution, by definition, is something introduced into the environment that harmfully disrupts it. While nature sometimes produces its own damaging pollutants – wildfires send up billows of smoke and ash, volcanoes belch noxious gases – humans are responsible for the lion’s...

Monday, November 4, 2019, 1:14 AM

Facebook’s Libra cryptocurrency raises global concerns

Facebook is planning to launch its own cryptocurrency early next year, allowing users to make digital payments around the world. The digital currency known as Libra will be backed by a reserve of real-world assets, including bank deposits and short-term government securities. A Libra currency...

Monday, October 28, 2019, 1:20 AM