Fred K. Nkusi

Why there’s a need for e-commerce legislation

There is no doubt that e-commerce is increasing daily in length and breadth. Rwanda, as a dynamic country, is catching up with the global trend. Like other e-government services, e-commerce is considered as an important developmental and trade facilitation tool needed. Currently, there’s...

Monday, January 20, 2020, 12:00 AM

Rwanda joins global efforts to mitigate plastic pollution

There’s a global battle against single-use plastics, particularly when it comes to the once-ubiquitous plastic bag. A new report from UN Environment has recently found that at least 127 countries have adopted some form of legislation to regulate plastic bags as of July 2018. Single-use...

Monday, January 6, 2020, 1:07 AM

2019 has been a bumpy year on climate action

The 25th negotiating year by the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change’s (UNFCCC) Conference, held in Madrid, Spain, from 2 to 13 December 2019, also known as COP25, failed to make a breakthrough. The conference incorporates the 25th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations...

Monday, December 30, 2019, 1:33 AM

Managing labour migration is paramount

Protection of migrants is a moral obligation. The rights of migrants to decent lives and working conditions, among others, is part of human rights. Besides, the human rights perspective, migrants contribute to development. Therefore, improving cooperation frameworks on migration and development is...

Monday, December 23, 2019, 12:00 AM

WTO appellate body is facing dysfunctional crisis

The appellate body of World Trade Organization (WTO) is facing a crisis in its system for resolving disputes between its members. This body, known as an appeal court, makes a final say on the panel decisions in trade disputes. Resolving trade disputes is one of the core activities of the WTO. A...

Monday, December 16, 2019, 12:08 AM

Public consultation in law making process is critical

Following the two landmark Supreme Court decisions on a public interest petition rendered this year on anti-constitutionality of some provisions of law nº68/2018 of 30/08/2018 determining offences and penalties in general and the most recent ruling on Article 19 of Law n°75/2018 of 07/09/...

Monday, December 9, 2019, 12:27 AM

Without commitment, the Paris Agreement remains in jeopardy

A new UN report on the global commitment to limit the climate crisis shows that countries are not doing enough to keep Earth’s temperature from rising to near catastrophic levels. And delaying action will make it impossible to reach the desired temperature goals. According to the UN,...

Monday, December 2, 2019, 12:43 AM

Regulating tech firms in Africa

Over the past decade, tech companies have risen to become the biggest in the world, all while operating with little formal, structured government oversight. But this lack of oversight has come at a cost. But in Europe, today, they have introduced a couple of instruments to regulate the...

Monday, November 18, 2019, 12:17 AM

EALS and EACJ are at the centre of promoting the rule of law

Last week, the East Africa Law Society held the 24th Annual Conference with the aim of embracing the rule of law across the region. The conference brought together ‘Learned Friends’ from Six Partner States. The rule of law is a glorious tradition that ought to be immensely upheld. And...

Monday, November 11, 2019, 12:00 AM

Is pollution-free environment achievable?

Pollution, by definition, is something introduced into the environment that harmfully disrupts it. While nature sometimes produces its own damaging pollutants – wildfires send up billows of smoke and ash, volcanoes belch noxious gases – humans are responsible for the lion’s...

Monday, November 4, 2019, 1:14 AM

Facebook’s Libra cryptocurrency raises global concerns

Facebook is planning to launch its own cryptocurrency early next year, allowing users to make digital payments around the world. The digital currency known as Libra will be backed by a reserve of real-world assets, including bank deposits and short-term government securities. A Libra currency...

Monday, October 28, 2019, 1:20 AM

Right to be forgotten: What a new legal right!

Following the ratification of the AU Convention on Cyber Security and Personal Data Protection adopted at Malabo, Equatorial Guinea on June 27, 2014, Rwanda is the first East African nation to enshrine the ‘right to be forgotten’ stemming from the Convention. Rwanda is, equally,...

Wednesday, October 23, 2019, 12:00 AM

AU Convention is finally part of Rwandan law

Rwanda has fully ratified the African Union Convention on Cyber Security and Personal Data Protection adopted at Malabo, Equatorial Guinea on 27 June 2014. The law n° 024/2019 of 04/09/2019 approving the ratification of Malabo Convention addresses three areas: electronic transaction,...

Wednesday, October 16, 2019, 12:00 AM

Repealing colonial laws makes sense

The decision by Rwanda to repeal all legal instruments brought into force before independence is a tremendous legislative achievement. The aspects of these legal instruments date back to the colonial era. Rwanda was initially colonised by Germany from 1894 until 1918, as part of German East...

Monday, October 7, 2019, 12:02 AM

UN General Assembly stimulates action on climate change

The UN General Assembly’s annual gathering of world leaders in New York this year, which was hosted by UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, embarked on promoting action to slow climate change. The UN Chief Administrative Officer urged world leaders to make concrete commitments to reduce...

Monday, September 30, 2019, 12:17 AM

Oil prices will sour after attacks on Saudi facilities

Last week, Saudi Arabia’s oil production facilities were attacked by drones and possibly by cruise missiles. Houthi rebels in Yemen have claimed responsibility. The Houthi insurgency is a military rebellion fighting the Yemeni government, which has escalated into a full-scale civil war...

Monday, September 23, 2019, 12:37 AM

SA attacks on migrant workers violate international law

The recent wave of deadly attacks on migrant workers in South African cities has been strongly condemned across Africa. These wanton attacks happened in Johannesburg and Pretoria, targeting economic migrant workers, especially from Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Namibia, among other nations. By...

Monday, September 16, 2019, 12:41 AM

Kwita Izina has helped conserve the endangered species

The gorilla naming event known as Kwita Izina is unarguably a cultural peculiarity of Rwanda. This ceremony has gone down in the annals of the country’s history. This year 25 new-born gorillas were given names at the event held in Kinigi, Musanze District. It is a unique event, which...

Monday, September 9, 2019, 12:00 AM

Racism is a human rights violation; global action is needed

Racism, in all of its forms, is under-acknowledged human rights problem of our day. Though variously defined, racism threatens the lives and rights of millions of people around the world. If you’re not outraged by the prevalence of racism in today’s world, consider the depth of its...

Monday, September 2, 2019, 11:06 AM

EAC can borrow a leaf from ECOWAS

There’s a wrong presupposition that something being pursued by many people is less likely to be successful compared to something being pursued a few people. At times, this may be true, or not. There’re no convincing factors to determine that the likely outcome would depend on a big...

Monday, August 19, 2019, 12:27 AM

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