Dr Ian Shyaka

Prevention of burn injuries: A responsibility for all

Burns are thermal injuries to the skin or tissues caused by extreme temperatures (mainly heat), radiation, electricity or contact with chemicals causing death of variable amount of affected tissues. According to World Health Organization (2015 Global health estimates), an estimated 180, 000...

Monday, December 2, 2019, 12:00 AM

Breast conserving surgeries for breast cancer in Rwanda

According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2018), breast cancer is the most frequent cancer among women, impacting 2.1 million women each year. It also causes the greatest number of cancer-related deaths among women. In 2018, it is estimated that 627,000 women died from breast cancer —...

Monday, October 7, 2019, 12:00 AM

How to prevent posture related back conditions

Posture typically refers to how the body is positioned as a whole.  Good posture indicates a position with alignment of the neck, torso, pelvis, arms and legs in such a manner that our spine curves remain neutral, or not bent, as we sit, stand or move about. Bad posture is when our spine is...

Monday, May 27, 2019, 12:00 AM

The need for proper foot care in diabetes

Foot problems are a common complication in people with diabetes. Fortunately, most of these complications can be prevented with careful foot care. If complications do occur, daily attention will ensure that they are detected before they become serious. It may take time and effort to build good...

Monday, May 20, 2019, 12:00 AM

Prevention and early detection of fat deposition in arteries

Also medically called atherosclerosis, it is a condition in which fatty deposits called “plaques” build up inside the arteries in the body. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart out to the rest of the body. This condition is the reason most people have a...

Monday, May 13, 2019, 12:00 AM

Dealing with bacterial joint infections

A bacterial infection of a joint can cause a severe and potentially destructive form of joint inflammation, which can have permanent joint changes even after healing if proper intervention is delayed. Bacterial joint infections can be caused by a number of different organisms and can occur in both...

Monday, May 6, 2019, 12:00 AM

Dealing with post burn contractures

A burn is an injury to the skin or other organic tissue primarily caused by heat but can also be due to radiation, radioactivity, electricity, friction or contact with chemicals. Globally, burns are a serious public health problem. An estimated 180,000 deaths occur each year from fires alone, with...

Sunday, April 28, 2019, 7:10 PM

Why we need to focus on early childhood development

It is well known that the process of human development starts right after conception and continues throughout all the stages of life, including pregnancy, after birth, childhood and other subsequent stages of life. It is, however, very important for us to acknowledge that some stages are more...

Sunday, April 21, 2019, 8:10 PM

Dealing with hydroceles in babies

A hydrocele is a build-up of fluid inside the scrotum. The scrotum is the skin sac that holds the testicles. This fluid accumulation in the scrotum makes them look swollen or enlarged, but hydroceles are usually painless. Hydroceles occur more commonly in infants, especially premature infants, but...

Sunday, April 14, 2019, 7:18 PM

What you need to know about pressure sores

Also commonly known as bed sores or pressure ulcers, pressure sores are areas of damaged skin and underlying tissues caused by staying in one position for too long. These sores commonly form where one’s bones are close to the skin such as at the ankles, back, elbows, heels and hips. This...

Monday, April 8, 2019, 5:37 AM

Keloids: Early and proper intervention for the best outcome

Normally, an injury to the skin (wound) heals with a reasonable scar which becomes more flat and with less bothering symptoms such as pain and itching. With some people however this may not be the case for the scar shortly or much later after healing, gradually starts to swell beyond the initial...

Monday, April 1, 2019, 2:15 AM

Why you should take finger infection seriously

A finger infection is a common condition. The hands as well as fingers are obvious tools which help us in physically interacting with other things around us, hence, more at the risk of being in touch with infectious bacteria and other germs. When these germs get inside the finger, they can cause an...

Sunday, March 24, 2019, 10:11 PM

Sickle cell anaemia: A common debilitating condition in Africa

Sickle cell anaemia, also called sickle cell disease, is a condition that affects the red blood cells. The red blood cells are the part of the blood that carry oxygen to organs in the body. Normal red blood cells are round in shape, hence, move easily in blood vessels. When people have sickle cell...

Sunday, March 17, 2019, 10:37 PM

Road accidents: The leading cause of death and disabilities

According to World Health Organization (WHO), road traffic injuries are among the leading causes of death and life-long disability globally. About 1.35 million people die annually on the world’s roads, with 20 to 50 million sustaining non-fatal injuries. Globally, road traffic injuries are...

Monday, March 11, 2019, 12:00 AM

Dealing with swallowed objects in children

Children are more likely than adults to swallow objects. Children commonly swallow things such as coins, small toys, or batteries. Sometimes, adults swallow objects. This is more likely to happen when people are drunk, have loose dentures, or have certain brain disorders. When a person swallows an...

Monday, March 4, 2019, 12:00 AM

Burn injuries: A preventable cause of disabilities and loss of lives

A burn is an injury that happens when skin touches hot liquid, steam, certain chemicals or fire. Sometimes, burns are minor and can be treated at home. Other times, burns are life threatening and need advanced medical therapy at hospital. Even in the developed centres with well-equipped medical...

Monday, February 25, 2019, 2:56 AM

Tummy tuck surgeries in Rwanda

A flat and well-shaped tummy is something that almost all of us strive for through exercise and other various natural weight control methods, such as diet. However, sometimes these methods cannot achieve our desired goals. The causes of a fat abdomen are quite numerous and some are inevitable to...

Sunday, February 17, 2019, 10:31 PM

Why you should consider couple genetic screening before pregnancy or marriage

Many genetic disorders happen when someone has two bad (faulty) copies of a gene, one from each parent. In such cases, if one has only one faulty copy, they won’t have symptoms of the genetic condition, but are a “carrier” for it. The baby will be born with the disorder only if...

Sunday, February 10, 2019, 10:32 PM

Spina bifida, a debilitating condition of new-borns

Spina bifida literally means “split spine” and happens when a baby is still in the womb and the spinal column does not close all of the way. For this condition to develop, a group of cells that form the brain and the spinal cord of a baby don’t close all the way, so the backbone...

Sunday, February 3, 2019, 7:08 PM

Webbed fingers and toes: Proper surgery for the best outcome

Webbing of fingers and toes, also medically known as syndactyl (pronounced as sin-dack-til-e), is the most common abnormality of the new-born hand. It is a condition when a baby is born with two or more fingers or toes, or both stuck to each-other. It can happen either as an isolated abnormality,...

Sunday, January 27, 2019, 8:29 PM